The Essential CSS3 Properties Cheat Sheet

Cascading Style Sheets or CSS define the look and feel of the web as we know it. While HTML and JavaScript focus on the functional side of the web, CSS deals with the visual aspects of it.

After you’ve learned how to build static webpages with HTML, it’s time to discover how to style them and make them presentable with CSS. And our CSS3 properties cheat sheet below can help you with that! It covers the essential syntax you need to know about in CSS3, which is the latest version of CSS.

A working knowledge of CSS helps you customize colors, fonts, borders, backgrounds, layouts, and much more on webpages in a streamlined manner. What’s more, it comes in handy while designing web and mobile applications too.

FREE DOWNLOAD: This cheat sheet is available as a downloadable PDF from our distribution partner, TradePub. You will have to complete a short form to access it for the first time only. Download Essential CSS3 Properties Cheat Sheet.

The Essential CSS3 Properties Cheat Sheet

Shortcut Action
Background Properties
background Defines a variety of background properties within one declaration.
background-attachment Specifies whether the background image is fixed or scrolls with the webpage.
background-color Defines the background color of an element on the webpage.
background-image Defines an element’s background image.
background-clip Specifies how far the background images or color extends for an element.
background-origin Specifies the positioning area of the background images.
background-position Defines the origin of a background image.
background-repeat Specifies how the background image is tiled.
background-size Specifies the size of the background images.
Border Properties
border Sets the border width, style, and color for all four sides of an element.
border-bottom Sets the width, style, and color for the bottom border of an element.
border-bottom-color Sets the color of the bottom border of an element.
border-bottom-left-radius Defines the shape of the bottom-left border corner of an element.
border-bottom-right-radius Defines the shape of the bottom-right border corner of an element.
border-bottom-style Sets the style of the bottom border of an element.
border-bottom-width Sets the width of the bottom border of an element.
border-color Sets the color of the border on all the four sides of an element.
border-image Specifies how an image is to be used in place of the border styles.
border-image-outset Specifies the amount by which the border image area extends beyond the border box.
border-image-repeat Specifies how the border image is tiled.
border-image-slice Specifies the inward offsets of the image-border.
border-image-source Specifies the location of the image to be used as a border.
border-image-width Specifies the width of the image-border.
border-left Sets the width, style, and color of the left border of an element.
border-left-color Sets the color of the left border of an element.
border-left-style Sets the style of the left border of an element.
border-left-width Sets the width of the left border of an element.
border-radius Defines the shape of the border corners of an element.
border-right Sets the width, style, and color of the right border of an element.
border-right-color Sets the color of the right border of an element.
border-right-style Sets the style of the right border of an element.
border-right-width Sets the width of the right border of an element.
border-style Sets the style of the border on all the four sides of an element.
border-top Sets the width, style, and color of the top border of an element.
border-top-color Sets the color of the top border of an element.
border-top-left-radius Defines the shape of the top-left border corner of an element.
border-top-right-radius Defines the shape of the top-right border corner of an element.
border-top-style Sets the style of the top border of an element.
border-top-width Sets the width of the top border of an element.
border-width Sets the width of the border on all the four sides of an element.
Color Properties
color Defines and sets the color for text.
opacity Defines the transparency of an element.
Dimension Properties
height Defines the height of an element.
max-height Defines the maximum height of an element.
max-width Defines the maximum width of an element.
min-height Defines the minimum height of an element.
min-width Defines the minimum width of an element.
width Specify the width of an element.
Generated Content Properties
content Inserts generated content.
quotes Specifies quotation marks for embedded quotations.
counter-reset Creates or resets one or more counters.
counter-increment Increments one or more counter values.
Flexible Box Layout
align-content Specifies the alignment of flexible container’s items.
align-items Specifies the default alignment for items.
align-self Specifies the alignment for selected items.
flex Specifies the components of a flexible length.
flex-basis Specifies the initial main size of the flex item.
flex-direction Specifies the direction of the flexible items.
flex-flow A shorthand property for the flex-direction and the flex-wrap properties.
flex-grow Specifies how the flex item will grow relative to the other items inside the flex container.
flex-shrink Specifies how the flex item will shrink relative to the other items inside the flex container.
flex-wrap Specifies whether the flexible items should wrap or not.
justify-content Specifies how flex items are aligned along the main axis of the flex container after any flexible lengths and auto margins have been resolved.
order Specifies the order in which a flex items are displayed and laid out within a flex container.
Font Properties
font Defines a variety of font properties within one declaration like the font-style, font-variant, font-weight, font-size/line-height, and the font-family.
font-family Defines a list of fonts for element.
font-size Defines the font size for the text.
font-size-adjust Preserves the readability of text when font fallback occurs.
font-stretch Selects a normal, condensed, or expanded face from a font.
font-style Defines the font style for the text.
font-variant Specifies the font variant.
font-weight Specifies the font weight of the text.
List Properties
list-style Defines the display style for a list and list elements.
list-style-image Specifies the image to be used as a list-item marker.
list-style-position Specifies the position of the list-item marker.
list-style-type Specifies the marker style for a list-item.
Margin Properties
margin Sets the margin on all four sides of the element.
margin-bottom Sets the bottom margin of the element.
margin-left Sets the left margin of the element.
margin-right Sets the right margin of the element.
margin-top Sets the top margin of the element.
Multi-Column Layout Properties
column-count Specifies the number of columns in a multi-column element.
column-fill Specifies how columns will be filled.
column-gap Specifies the gap between the columns in a multi-column element.
column-rule Specifies a straight line, or “rule”, to be drawn between each column in a multi-column element.
column-rule-color Specifies the color of the rules drawn between columns in a multi-column layout.
column-rule-style Specifies the style of the rule drawn between the columns in a multi-column layout.
column-rule-width Specifies the width of the rule drawn between the columns in a multi-column layout.
column-span Specifies how many columns an element spans across in a multi-column layout.
column-width Specifies the optimal width of the columns in a multi-column element.
columns A shorthand property for setting column-width and column-count properties.
column-count Specifies the number of columns in a multi-column element.
Outline Properties
outline Sets the width, style, and color for all four sides of an element’s outline.
outline-color Sets the color of the outline.
outline-offset Set the space between an outline and the border edge of an element.
outline-style Sets a style for an outline.
outline-width Sets the width of the outline.
Padding Properties
padding Sets the padding on all four sides of the element.
padding-bottom Sets the padding to the bottom side of an element.
padding-left Sets the padding to the left side of an element.
padding-right Sets the padding to the right side of an element.
padding-top Sets the padding to the top side of an element.
Print Properties
page-break-after Inserts a page break after an element.
page-break-before Inserts a page break before an element.
page-break-inside Inserts a page break inside an element.
Table Properties
border-collapse Specifies whether table cell borders are connected or separated.
border-spacing Sets the spacing between the borders of adjacent table cells.
caption-side Specifies the position of table’s caption.
empty-cells Shows or hides borders and backgrounds of empty table cells.
table-layout Specifies a table layout algorithm.
border-collapse Specifies whether table cell borders are connected or separated.
Text Properties
direction Defines the text direction/writing direction.
tab-size Specifies the length of the tab character.
text-align Sets the horizontal alignment of inline content.
text-align-last Specifies how the last line of a block or a line right before a forced line break is aligned when text-align is justify.
text-decoration Specifies the decoration added to text.
text-decoration-color Specifies the color of the text-decoration-line.
text-decoration-line Specifies what kind of line decorations are added to the element.
text-decoration-style Specifies the style of the lines specified by the text-decoration-line property
text-indent Indents the first line of text.
text-justify Specifies the justification method to use when the text-align property is set to justify.
text-overflow Specifies how the text content will be displayed, when it overflows the block containers.
text-shadow Applies one or more shadows to the text content of an element.
text-transform Transforms the case of the text.
line-height Sets the height between lines of text.
vertical-align Sets the vertical positioning of an element relative to the current text baseline.
letter-spacing Sets the extra spacing between letters.
word-spacing Sets the spacing between words.
white-space Specifies how white space inside the element is handled.
word-break Specifies how to break lines within words.
word-wrap Specifies whether to break words when the content overflows the boundaries of its container.
Transform Properties
backface-visibility Specifies whether or not the “back” side of a transformed element is visible when facing the user.
perspective Defines the perspective from which all child elements of the object are viewed.
perspective-origin Defines the origin (the vanishing point for the 3D space) for the perspective property.
transform Applies a 2D or 3D transformation to an element.
transform-origin Defines the origin of transformation for an element.
transform-style Specifies how nested elements are rendered in 3D space.
Transition Properties
transition Defines the transition between two states of an element.
transition-delay Specifies when the transition effect will start.
transition-duration Specifies the number of seconds or milliseconds a transition effect should take to complete.
transition-property Specifies the names of the CSS properties to which a transition effect should be applied.
transition-timing-function Specifies the speed curve of the transition effect.
Visual Formatting Properties
display Specifies how an element is displayed onscreen.
position Specifies how an element is positioned.
top Specifies the location of the top edge of the positioned element.
right Specifies the location of the right edge of the positioned element.
bottom Specifies the location of the bottom edge of the positioned element.
left Specifies the location of the left edge of the positioned element.
float Specifies whether or not a box should float.
clear Specifies the placement of an element in relation to floating elements.
z-index Specifies a layering or stacking order for positioned elements.
overflow Specifies the treatment of content that overflows the element’s box.
overflow-x Specifies how to manage the content when it overflows the width of the element’s content area.
overflow-y Specifies how to manage the content when it overflows the height of the element’s content area.
resize Specifies whether or not an element is resizable by the user.
clip Defines the clipping region.
visibility Specifies whether or not an element is visible.
cursor Specifies the type of cursor.
box-shadow Applies one or more drop-shadows to the element’s box.
box-sizing Alters the default CSS box model.
Animation Properties
animation Specifies the behavior of all animations.
animation-delay Specifies when the animation will start with a delay.
animation-direction Specifies whether the animation should play forward, backward, or in alternate cycles.
animation-duration Specifies the number of seconds or milliseconds an animation should take to complete one cycle.
animation-fill-mode Specifies how a CSS animation should apply styles to its target before and after it is executing.
animation-iteration-count Specifies the number of times an animation cycle should be played before stopping.
animation-name Specifies the name of @keyframes defined animations that should be applied to the selected element.
animation-play-state Specifies whether the animation is running or paused.
animation-timing-function Specifies how a CSS animation should progress over the duration of each cycle.

Go Beyond the Basics of CSS

Once you’ve mastered the building blocks of CSS, we recommend upgrading your CSS skills Kick-Start Your CSS Projects With This FREE eBook! Kick-Start Your CSS Projects With This FREE eBook! This free ebook provides a wide number of CSS based examples that will help you kick-start your own web projects. Read More and learning JavaScript What Is JavaScript and How Does It Work? What Is JavaScript and How Does It Work? What is Javascript? It’s a programming language used to enhance web pages. It includes dynamically updating web pages, user interfaces and more. Let’s dive into what Javascript is all about. Read More to take your webpages to a new level of stunning.

Image Credit: Nick Karvounis on Unsplash

Explore more about: Cheat Sheet, CSS, Web Design.